Everything You Need to Know about ITAD Certifications
This is part three of our Certifications 101 series. We are posting a new part weekly until we’ve covered the major certifications and standards related to the ITAD industry. We hope to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of each certification and standard so you can make informed decisions about your organization’s asset disposition process. Read on to find out more about the ISO certifications.
- Part One: R2 Responsible Recycling
- Part Two: e-Stewards
- Part Three: ISO 9001, 14001, 27001 & 45001
- Part Four: NAID AAA
- Part Five: NIST 800-88
ISO 9001, 14001, 27001, 45001 – What Are They and Why Do They Matter?
ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 27001, and ISO 45001 are international standards that are published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). These standards apply to all types and sizes of organizations, not just the electronics reuse and recycling industry. Some industries require certification to specific ISO standards. ISO standards also may be a prerequisite to obtain certain certifications. For example, an organization seeking to obtain R2 certification must obtain certifications to ISO 45001 and ISO 14001 (or alternatively, to RIOS). Obtaining ISO 14001 is a prerequisite to obtaining an e-Stewards certification.
How are ISOs Developed?
The ISO is an independent, non-governmental, international organization with a membership of 165 national standards bodies. The ISO uses experts to develop voluntary, consensus-based standards to ensure the quality, safety, and efficiency of products, services, and systems. Since its founding in 1947, it has published over 20,000 standards.
What Does ISO 9001 Certified Mean?
ISO 9001 is a quality management system (QMS) standard that assists companies in ensuring that their products and services consistently meet customer requirements and that they are continually improving their efficiency.
This standard encompasses several different quality management principles such as customer focus, process approach, and evidence-based decision-making. Focus on these principles is intended to increase customer satisfaction and loyalty, optimize performance through effective process management, and enhance an organization’s drive for innovation.
There are over one million companies and organizations in over 170 countries certified to ISO 9001.
What Does ISO 14001 Certified Mean?
ISO 14001 is an environmental management system (EMS) standard that helps companies improve their environmental performance by providing a framework that organizations can follow to identify, manage, monitor, and control their environmental issues in a holistic manner. This standard also helps organizations provide assurance that their environmental impact is being measured and improved in order to gain the trust of employees, customers and other stakeholders. It requires that environmental management be prominently included in an organization’s strategic planning processes and a strong commitment to proactive initiatives that improve environmental performance. For example, use of this standard has helped organizations drastically reduce CO2 emissions and increase their recycling rate.
As of 2019, over 300,000 certifications for ISO 14001 have been issued globally.
What Does ISO 27001 Certified Mean?
ISO 27001 is a standard for managing information security. It provides requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining, and continually improving an information security management system (ISMS) that will enable an organization to manage the security of its assets, including financial information, intellectual property, employee information, or information from business partners or other third parties. This standard also requires organizations to assess and treat any security risks.
As of 2019, over 6,000 certificates for ISO 27001 have been issued globally.
What Does ISO 45001 Certified Mean?
ISO 45001 is a standard for management systems of occupational health and safety (OH&S) that assists organizations in increasing worker safety, reducing workplace risks, and enhancing health and well-being at work. This standard sets forth best practices to protect employees from risks of injury or loss of life.
Organizations using this standard can reduce workplace incidents and absenteeism, lower the cost of insurance premiums, and comply with legal and regulatory requirements.
As of 2019, over 38,000 certificates for ISO 45001 have been issued globally.
Difference Between OHSAS 18001 and ISO 45001
ISO 45001 is a fairly new standard that replaces OHSAS 18001, the world’s former reference for workplace health and safety. ISO 45001 differs from OHSAS 18001 in that it is process-based (instead of procedure-based), considers both risk and opportunities (as opposed to just risk), and includes the views of all interested parties.
How Does an Organization Get Certified to an ISO Standard?
Although ISO develops and publishes ISO standards, it does not perform certification or issue certificates. However, ISO’s Community on Conformity Assessment (CASCO) has issued standards related to the certification process that can be used by certifying bodies in the certification process.
Organizations can obtain certification to specific ISO standards through external certification bodies. The certification bodies do not need to be accredited, but should use the relevant CASCO standard.
Generally, the certification process involves auditing of the company’s relevant systems. Upon successful completion of the certification process, the certifying body will issue the certificate to the organization. The certificate states the period of validity for the certification.
Choosing an ISO Certified Provider
Choosing an ITAD provider is fraught with risk. Dispoteca helps minimize that risk by ensuring that your equipment only goes to resellers or recyclers with your preferred certifications. Dispoteca’s unique credentialing program tracks certifications and verifies that they are valid and current. If you are a business or organization that has ITAD needs, contact Dispoteca to get started on your ITAD project today.